The seat lies in the north-west corner of South Yorkshire, crossing the municipal boundaries of Barnsley and Sheffield. It is classed as rural a county seat. it first came into existence at the in 2010 General Election when the seats of Sheffield Hillsborough and Barnsley West merged. It is one of 14 parliamentary seats in the sub-region. The seat largely resembles the old Penistone Constituency, which, following the election of a Conservative in the Conservative landslide in 1931, returned MPs representing the Labour Party through to its abolition in 1983.
The seat is most heavily populated on its eastern fringe, with communities built largely on the coal and steel industries, such as the ex-mining village of Dodworth and the steelworking town of Stocksbridge. Penistone too has a history of steelworking at the David Brown and high-tech foundries although many local people are or have been employed at the Hepworth pipeworks (formerly Hepworth Iron Co./Hepworth Building Products) which specialises in the manufacture of pipes, mains and domestic and whose fortunes vary with demand in construction. Between these urban areas are rural villages including Oxspring, Wortley, Green Moor and Thurgoland occupied mostly by commuters to Sheffield (also Leeds and Manchester). The western area of the constituency is in the Peak District National Park.
The seat contains three significant stately homes. Cannon Hall (home of the Spencer-Stanhope family of Pre-Raphaelites) is open-the-public as the 13th/18th Royal Hussars Museum, while Wortley Hall (ancestral home of the Wortley-Montagu family) is largely used by trade unions and their families, and the third is Wentworth Castle, where an adult educational establishment, Northern College, is based.
There are six wards make in the constituency, all having a unique character. In the east Dodworth, Penistone East and Ecclesfield West are former mining areas. In the west Stocksbridge is still a major steel manufacturer with the town of Penistone still regarded as a market town. East Ecclesfield once a separate market town is now a Sheffield suburb and major employment area. For more details on the individual wards see the below links